“If patriarchy had a specific beginning in history, it can also have an end”.
We live in a culture where the patriarchal ideals that predominate in the social structure influence our daily behaviors, ideas, and emotions. A woman was subjected to the negative aspects of the male-dominated culture at every stage of her life even before she was born.
Patriarchy is unusual because, although being pervasive throughout the world, many of its components are still ignored by society or are concealed inside the system so that no one has ever recognized them—not even the men or the women who are subjected to it. Particularly in Indian society, the caste and religious disparities that plague the community also contribute to patriarchal norms and beliefs.
Normalization of Patriarchy
During the socialization process, patriarchal ideals and beliefs are passed from one generation to the next. Internalizing social norms and ideals is the process of socialization. Both during and after the process, people—men and women alike—adjust to the group or culture they were raised in and learn how to behave by societal norms. The foundation for the socialization of patriarchy in society is this process of socialization. Therefore, every effort to bring about a social transformation that is equal and lasting should begin with the socialization process.
Secondary and Primary Socialization
Socialization takes place at both primary and secondary levels as well.
A youngster adopts and picks up a set of norms, values, and attitudes during primary socialization. For instance, if a youngster witnesses his or her mother showing hatred for someone, the child can adopt this behavior and continue to show hatred for others.
The youngster learns proper behavior as a member of a smaller group in wider society during secondary socialization. External socialization is where secondary socialization happens. Both children and adults gain knowledge on how to behave properly in various circumstances. Children are expected to act by new rules that are significantly different from those at home and in the school setting.
The Transmission Chain
Therefore, the social institutions involved in the socialization process—both primary and secondary—should drastically alter their current methods of educating the next generation. The patriarchal values of society have an impact on the socialization provided by any of these organizations. The transmission chain that helps perpetuate patriarchy across generations can be broken by identifying the patriarchal beliefs and norms present in these institutions and replacing them with egalitarian values.
By Anushka Bharadwaj